Bexar County was created on December 20, 1836, and encompassed almost the entire western portion of theRepublic of Texas. This included the disputed areas of western New Mexico northward to Wyoming. After statehood, 128 counties were carved out of its area.
The county was named for San Antonio de Béxar, one of the 23 Mexican municipalities (administrative divisions) of Texas at the time of its independence. San Antonio de Béxar—originally Villa de San Fernando de Béxar—was the first civil government established by the Spanish in the province of Texas. Specifically, the municipality was created in 1731 when 55 Canary Islanders settled near the system of missions that had been established around the source of the San Antonio River. The new settlement was named after the Presidio San Antonio de Béjar, the Spanish military outpost that protected the missions. The presidio, located at the San Pedro Springs, was founded in 1718 and named for Viceroy Balthasar Manuel de Zúñiga y Guzmán Sotomayor y Sarmiento, second son of the Duke of Béjar(a town in Spain). The modern City of San Antonio in the U.S. State of Texas also derived its name from San Antonio de Béjar.
As of the census of 2000, 1,392,931 people, 488,942 households, and 345,681 families were residing in the county. The population density was 1,117 inhabitants per square mile (431 /km2). There were 521,359 housing units at an average density of 418 per square mile (161/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.86% White, 7.18% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 1.61% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 17.80% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. About 54.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of 488,942 households, 36.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.50% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were not families. About 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the county, the population was distributed as 28.50% under the age of 18, 10.70% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 19.90% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.
The median income for a household was $38,328, and for a family was $43,724. Males had a median income of $30,756 versus $24,920 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,363. About 12.70% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 12.20% of those age 65 or over.
Notable locations in this county outside city limits:
Notable locations in Bexar County: Cassin Siding (A), Luckey Ranch (B), Rio Vista Farms (C), Straus Medina Ranch (D), Schertz Sportmans Club (E), Cibolo Creek Municipal Authority Water Treatment Facility (F), Martinez II Wastewater Treatment Facility (G), O W Somerset-J T Deely-J K Spruce Generating Complex (H), Deeley-Sommers Power Plant (I), Mendiola Downs(J), East Windmill (K), Kallison Ranch (L), Little Windmill (M), Moses Windmill (N), Wildcat Windmill (O), Zapeta Windmill (P), Burnet County Library System (Q), DeLeon City County Library (R), Geronimo Village Volunteer Fire Department Central Station (S), Harmony Volunteer Fire Department (T). Display/hide their locations on the map
Churches in Bexar County include: Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church (A), Saint Jerome Church (B), Parita Church (C), Thelma Tabernacle (D), Thelma Church (E), Fellowship Berean Bible Church (F), Borregos Chapel (G), Calvary Hills Baptist Church (H), Living Springs Baptist Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Cemeteries: Sociedad Cemetery (1), Mount Olive Cemetery (2), Cantu Cemetery (3), Heimsath Cemetery (4), Becker Cemetery (5), Arnold Cemetery (6), Cover Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map
Lakes and reservoirs: Elm Waterhole (A), White Ranch Lake (B), Grothaus Lake (C), Pax Lake (D), Sewell Pond (E), Pond Number Twentytwo (F), Middleton Pond (G), German Tank (H). Display/hide their locations on the map
Streams, rivers, and creeks: Black Hill Branch (A), Santa Clara Creek (B), Pecan Creek (C), Mustang Creek (D), Ranch Creek (E), Hondo Creek (F), Sherer Creek (G), Escondido Creek (H), Salado Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Parks in Bexar County include: Mission Park (1), Blanco Road Park (2), Calaveras Lake Park (3), Crescent Bend Nature Park (4), Southside Stadium (5), Southwest Stadium (6), East Central Stadium (7), Government Canyon State Natural Area (8). Display/hide their locations on the map